Director-General of the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA),  Philippines



Ernesto del Mar Pernia is the current Director-General of the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA), a Philippine government agency responsible for the country's economic development and planning.

He is a former lead economist of the Asian Development Bank, he also serves as the Secretary for Socioeconomic Planning under the administration of President Rodrigo Duterte.

Dr Pernia is a well-known Filipino economist, writer and professor emeritus at the University of the Philippines School of Economics.

Research Interests

Development Economics, Demographic Economics, Human Resource Economics


Teaching, Research, and Other Positions (partial list)

Professorial Lecturer, University of the Philippines School of Economics, Diliman, Quezon City, 2010-2013
Professor of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics, 2004-2009
Director for Public Affairs, UP School of Economics, 2007-2009
Professor of Economics, UP School of Economics, 1982-1985
Chairman, Department of Economics, UP School of Economics, 1982-1983
Director for Research, UP School of Economics, 1977-1982
Lecturer, University of California at Santa Cruz, CA, 1974
Chair, Board of Trustees, University of San Carlos, 2011-2014
Lead Economist, Economics and Research Department, Asian Development Bank, 1999-2003
Regional Adviser, Population and Employment Policy and Research, International Labour Office for Asia and the Pacific (Bangkok), l984-1986
Research Fellow, East-West Center Resource Systems Institute, Honolulu, 1983-1984

Selected Publications

“The Question of the Brain Drain from the Philippines,” International Migration Review (Spring 1976) X (1): 63-72.
“Urbanization in the Philippines: Historical and Comparative Perspectives,” Papers of the East-West Center Population Institute, No. 40 (Honolulu: East-West Center, December 1976).
Urbanization, Population Growth, and Economic Development in the Philippines, University of California, Berkeley (Westport, Connecticut and London: Greenwood Press, 1977), 213 p.
“An Empirical Model of Individual and Household Migration Choice: Philippines, 1965-1973,” Philippine Economic Journal, (1978) XVII (1 and 2): 259-284.
“On the Relationship between Migration and Fertility,” Philippine Review of Economics and Business, (September/December 1981) VIII (3 and 4):192-202.
The Spatial and Urban Dimensions of Development in the Philippines, (with C.W. Paderanga, Jr., V.P. Hermoso and Associates), (Manila: Philippine Institute for Development Studies, 1983), 344 p.
“An Economic and Social Impact Analysis of Small Industry Promotion: A Philippine Experience,” (with J.M. Pernia), World Development (May 1986) 14 (5): 637-65l.
“Factors Influencing the Choice of Location: Local and Foreign Firms in the Philippines,” (with A.N. Herrin) Regional Studies (1987) 21 (6): 531-541.
Urbanization and Urban Policies in Pacific Asia, (with R.J. Fuchs and G.W. Jones, eds.), (Boulder and London: Westview Press, 1987), 370 p.
The Economic Impact of Demographic Change in Thailand, 1980-2015, (with B.O. Campbell and A. Mason, eds.), (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1993), 240 p.
Urban Poverty in Asia: A Survey of Critical Issues, (ed.), (New York and Hong Kong: Oxford University Press, 1994), 305 p.
Spatial Development, Land Use, and Urban-Rural Growth Linkages in the Philippines, (with A. M. Balisacan and F. M. Medalla), (Manila: National Economic and Development Authority, 1994), 148 p.
“The Economic Impact of Demographic Change in Thailand, 1980-2015: An Application of the HOMES Household Forecasting Model,” (with P. F. Bell, B. O. Campbell, and A. Mason), Journal of Asian Studies, (1995) 54 (2).
“Poverty in Developing Countries,” (with M. G. Quibria), in E. S. Mills and P. Cheshire (eds.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Vol. 3 (Amsterdam: North Holland and Elsevier, 1999), pp. 1865-1934.
“Social Consequences of the Financial Crisis in Asia,” (with J. C. Knowles and M. Racelis), Economic Staff Papers No. 60, Asian Development Bank (November 1999).
“What is Pro-Poor Growth?,” (with N. Kakwani), Asian Development Review (2000) 18 (3): 1-16.
“Trade Openness and Regional Development in a Developing Country,” (with P. F. Quising) Annals of Regional Science (2003) 37: 391-406.
Poverty, Growth, and Institutions in Developing Asia, (with A. B. Deolalikar, eds.), (London and Tokyo: Palgrave Macmillan. 2003), 332 p.
“Revisiting Growth and Poverty Reduction in Indonesia,” (with A. Balisacan and A. Asra), Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies (2003) 39: 329-351.
“Investment Climate, Productivity, and Regional Development in a Developing Country,” (with J. M. Ian S. Salas), Asian Development Review (2006) 23 (2): 70-89.
“Is labor export good development policy?,” The Philippine Review of Economics (2011) XLVIII (1):